The sustainable use of terrestrial ecosystems has always been important to maintain a balance between nature and human activities, for example, as a way of protecting our home: the Earth.

Biodiversity is essential for human well-being and the natural world, but what does this concept mean? What are the main threats to biodiversity?

Biodiversity: what does it mean?

Biodiversity, according to the European Environment Agency (EEA), concerns the variety of ecosystems, species and genes that exist in our world or in a habitat.

It is important for human well-being, as it provides services that sustain economies and societies, and for the services provided by nature (for example, climate regulation, fertilization, food production, fuel, among others).

In this way, biodiversity embraces all living beings of various origins: terrestrial, marine and other aquatic ecosystems.

What can have a negative impact on biodiversity?

Did you know that, according to the UN , around one million species, out of a total of 8 million, are on the verge of extinction?

The EEA indicates that there is a gradual reduction in biodiversity with negative consequences. What can cause this reduction in biodiversity?

  • Change in land use (deforestation, urbanization, among others)
  • Direct exploration
  • Climate change and pollution
  • Invasive species

The consequences of this reduction are several and have an impact not only on the environment but also on human beings.

  • Species extinction
  • Economic and social effects: biodiversity loss impacts food security and the development of pharmaceutical products

Around one million species, out of a total of 8 million, are on the verge of extinction - UN

One of the solutions: Protecting life on Earth

The 17 Sustainable Development Goals then encompass the objectives of protecting marine life and protecting life on land.

In addition to the conservation, recovery and sustainable use of terrestrial and freshwater ecosystems, the implementation of sustainable management of all types of forests was also one of the goals established by 2020.

By 2030, the objectives include combating desertification and restoring degraded land and soil and ensuring the conservation of mountain ecosystems.

As general measures, it is important to highlight measures to reduce the degradation of natural habitats, reduce the impact of invasive species, conserve biodiversity and ecosystems and implement sustainable forest management.

Does EcoX Pro help protect life on Earth?

It is a project whose main focus is to avoid the negative impact of used cooking oil on the environment through its valorization. The consequences for terrestrial life are as follows:

  • It causes diseases that can be transmitted to humans and animals, such as leptospirosis, typhoid fever, cholera, salmonellosis, hepatitis, schistosomiasis, amoebiasis and giardiasis.
  • It can lead to the death of marine species: the oil does not mix with the water and, by forming a layer over it, prevents the entry of light and oxygen into the aquatic environment
  • It pollutes the water table by infiltrating the soil and harms plant growth. It can also affect the metabolism of bacteria and microorganisms that deteriorate organic compounds that become nutrients for the soil.
  • The problem of global warming increases because methane gas, one of the greenhouse gases, is formed during its decomposition.

By enabling the transformation of used cooking oil into highly biodegradable ecological detergents, EcoX Pro achieves its goal of protecting life on Earth by avoiding all these problems with used cooking oil:

  1. Indirectly prevents the spread of diseases
  2. Prevents water pollution and, consequently, the death of marine species
  3. Reduces soil pollution
  4. Reduces one of the causes of global warming